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Tyrone is the largest of the six counties of Northern Ireland, and is the second largest Ulster County after Donegal.
For centuries Tyrone was the territory of the important O'Neill Clan who controlled the province of Ulster until 1603, when Hugh O'Neill was defeated by English settlers and forced to flee Ireland. This was a turning point in Irish history and ushered in the Plantation of Ulster by Protestants from England and Scotland.
Along the borders with County Derry are the Sperrin Mountains, the highest point of which is Mount Sawel rising some 678m. Just outside the town of Omagh lies the Ulster American Folk Park, outlining the history of settlement of the United States by people from this part of Ireland, sometimes called Scots Irish.
The family of former U.S. President Woodrow Wilson came from County Tyrone and actor Sam Neill was born in Omagh.